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Google honors cell biologist Dr. Kamal Ranadive on her 104th birthday with a doodle.

Google unveiled a new doodle Celebrating the 104th birthday of cell biologist Dr. Kamal Ranadive. Dr. Kamal in her lifetime contributed to cancer research and many other fields. She also devoted her life to creating a more equitable society through science and education. She is the loudest advocate of equality and women’s rights. India-based guest artist Ibrahim Rayintakath illustrated the Google Doodle. Kamal Samarath, better known as Kamal Ranadive, was born on 9th November in 1917 in Pune. Kamal’s father’s encouragement to pursue a medical education inspired her to excel academically. However, she found her calling in biology instead. In 1949, she received a doctorate in cytology, while working as a researcher in the Indian Cancer Research Center (ICRC). Although, after a fellowship at Johns Hopkins University in the USA, she returned to Mumbai. Later on, she established the country’s first tissue culture laboratory.  

Ranadive was among the first researchers in India to propose a link between breast cancer. 

Ranadive was among the first researchers in India to propose a link between breast cancer. As the director of the ICRC and a pioneer in animal modeling of cancer development she researched. However, Ranadive was among the first researchers in India to propose a link between breast cancer and heredity to identify the links between cancers and certain viruses.  Continuing this trailblazing work, Ranadive studied Mycobacterium leprae, the bacterium that causes leprosy, and aided in developing a vaccine. In 1973, Dr. Ranadive and 11 colleagues founded the Indian Women Scientists’ Association (IWSA) to support women in scientific fields.   

Ranadive fervently encouraged students and Indian scholars abroad to return to India and put their knowledge to work for their communities. Meanwhile, After retiring in 1989, Dr. Ranadive worked in rural communities in Maharashtra, training women as healthcare workers and providing health and nutrition education. However, The IWSA now has 11 chapters in India and provides scholarships and childcare options for women in science. Dr. Ranadive’s dedication to health justice and education remains influential to her students who work as scientists today.  

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